I don't have time to analyze all of the issues at play in these two cases, but I wanted to put them on your radar. If there were Trigger Warnings for sexism, racism, and injustice, these cases would need them.
First: Mom Convicted in Son's Jaywalking Death . With regard to this one, I think the answer is "Both". Society is very hard on mothers, and especially on black mothers. Oh, and just as an aside, this is Newt Gingrich's former district.
Then: Black Student Can't Be Valedictorian (h/t watertiger) Take a look at the case docket; the judge assigned to the case sure has an interesting background.
What a lot of mean, pig-ignorant, punitive creeps walk among us.